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Civil Engineers

Civil Engineers
Quick Facts : Civil Engineers*
2010 Median Pay$77,560
Entry Level EducationBachelor's degree
Work Experience in Related OccupationNone
Number of Jobs, 2012262,800
Job Outlook19% (About as fast as average)
Employment Change51,100

Civil engineers design and supervise large construction projects, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Many hold supervisory or administrative positions ranging from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer.

What Civil Engineers Do

  • Analyze survey reports, maps, and other data to plan projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning stages
  • Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
  • Oversee, or participate in, surveying to establish reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
  • Present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or property descriptions

Work Environment

Civil engineers generally work indoors in offices. However, they sometimes spend time outdoors at construction sites so they can monitor operations or solve problems at the site. Most work full time.
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Job Outlook

Employment of civil engineers is expected to grow 19 percent from 2010 to 2020 because they will be needed to manage projects to rebuild bridges, repair roads, and upgrade levees and dams.
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In May 2010, the average salary of civil engineers was $77,560.
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Civil Engineers*
Average Annual Salary, May 2010

Civil Engineers


Architecture and Engineering Occupations


All Jobs in the U.S.

Civil Engineers*
Percent Change in Employment

Civil Engineers


Architecture and Engineering Occupations


All Jobs in the U.S.


Becoming a Civil Engineers

Civil engineers need a bachelor's degree. They typically need a graduate degree for promotion to managerial positions. Civil engineers who sell their own services publicly must be licensed.
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